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Demographics of Sudan

The total population of Sudan is 41,511,526 people. People in Sudan speak the Arabic, and English languages. The linguistic diversity of Sudan is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Sudan is 0.719. The median age is approximately 19.1 years. Life expectancy in Sudan is 63. The female fertility rate in Sudan is 5.2. Around 6% of the population of Sudan are obese. The ethnic diversity is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Sudan is 0.7147. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Sudan see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Sudan, the population density is 16.8 people per square kilometer (44 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Sudan is 41,511,526 people. Sudan has approximately 446,707 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Sudan represent 0.2 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Sudan represent 1.2 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Sudan is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Sudan is 0.7147. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Sudan. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Sudan on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 19.1 years. The median age for men is 18.9, while the median age for women is 19.4.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.04; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.01; sex ratio over 64 - 1.07; total sex ratio - 1.03. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Sudan is Islam, the followers of which comprise 90.7% of all religious believers in the country. Islam (Arabic: الإسلام‎) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Quran, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, Arabic سنة, composed of accounts called hadith, Arabic حديث) of Muhammad, considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Besides Islam, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Sudan are Hinduism, Buddhism, folk religions, Judaism. The religious diversity of Sudan is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Sudan. The index of religious fractionalization in Sudan is 0.4307. This score means that within the country there is one major religion and several other minor beliefs.

General development

Sudan is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Sudan may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Sudan, 21 in every 100 people use internet. Sudan has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.473. Sudan has a lower medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will struggle to attain a desirable life due to flawed economic and social systems. The migration rate in Sudan is -4.29%. In Sudan, 46.5% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Sudan is very high when compared with other nations. This situation is indicative of a variety of alarming economic and political factors. It is not advisable to make any investments in countries with this level of poverty.

Language

People in Sudan speak the Arabic, and English languages. The linguistic diversity of Sudan is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Sudan. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Sudan is 0.719. This means that there are several major languages spoken in Sudan. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.