Geography of Switzerland
Switzerland is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 41,277 km² (approx. 15,937 mi²). Continental shelf of Switzerland is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Switzerland is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Switzerland has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Austria, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, Germany. Switzerland is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Switzerland is 1,350 m (4,429 ft).
Total length of land borders of Switzerland is 1770 kilometers (~683 miles). Switzerland shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Switzerland, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Switzerland has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Austria, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, and Germany. The lengths of the land borders of Switzerland with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Austria - 164 km (102 mi),
- France - 573 km (356 mi),
- Italy - 740 km (460 mi),
- Liechtenstein - 41 km (25 mi),
- Germany - 334 km (208 mi).
The capital city of Switzerland is Bern. The largest cities in Switzerland are Bern, Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Lausanne.
The average elevation range of Switzerland is 1,350 m (4,429 ft). The highest point of Switzerland is Monte Rosa, with its official height being 4634 m (15,204 ft). The lowest point of Switzerland is Lake Maggiore. It lies at 193 m (633 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Monte Rosa) and lowest (Lake Maggiore) points of Switzerland is 4441 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Switzerland is 41,277 km² (approx. 15,937 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Switzerland is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Switzerland is approximately 41,277 km² (~15,937 mi²). Switzerland is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
12,540 km² of Switzerland's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 30% of all the land in the country. There are 3,941 km² of arable land in Switzerland, and it comprises 10% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Switzerland are hydropower potential, timber, salt.