Geography of Tanzania
Tanzania is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 947,300 km² (approx. 365,753 mi²). Continental shelf of Tanzania is approximately 25,611 km² (around 9,888 mi²). Tanzania is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Tanzania has 8 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia. Tanzania is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Tanzania is 1,018 m (3,340 ft).
Total length of land borders of Tanzania is 4161 kilometers (~1,607 miles). Tanzania shares its land borders with 8 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Tanzania, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Tanzania has 8 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. The lengths of the land borders of Tanzania with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Burundi - 451 km (280 mi),
- Democratic Republic of the Congo - 459 km (285 mi),
- Kenya - 769 km (478 mi),
- Malawi - 475 km (295 mi),
- Mozambique - 756 km (470 mi),
- Rwanda - 217 km (135 mi),
- Uganda - 396 km (246 mi),
- Zambia - 338 km (210 mi).
The capital city of Tanzania is Dodoma. The largest cities in Tanzania are Dodoma, Dar es Salaam, Mwanza.
The average elevation range of Tanzania is 1,018 m (3,340 ft). The highest point of Tanzania is Kilimanjaro, with its official height being 5892 m (19,332 ft). The lowest point of Tanzania is Indian Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Kilimanjaro) and lowest (Indian Ocean) points of Tanzania is 5892 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Tanzania is 947,300 km² (approx. 365,753 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 241,888 km² (~93,393 mi²). The continental shelf of Tanzania is approximately 25,611 km² (around 9,888 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Tanzania is approximately 1,189,188 km² (~459,146 mi²). Tanzania is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
352,570 km² of Tanzania's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 37% of all the land in the country. There are 37,479 km² of arable land in Tanzania, and it comprises 4% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Tanzania are hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel.