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Geography of The Republic of Congo

The Republic of Congo is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 342,000 km² (approx. 132,046 mi²). Continental shelf of The Republic of Congo is approximately 7,982 km² (around 3,082 mi²). The Republic of Congo is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. The Republic of Congo has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon. The Republic of Congo is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of The Republic of Congo is 430 m (1,411 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of The Republic of Congo is 5008 kilometers (~1,934 miles). The Republic of Congo shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of The Republic of Congo, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. The Republic of Congo has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Gabon. The lengths of the land borders of The Republic of Congo with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of The Republic of Congo is Brazzaville. The largest city in The Republic of Congo is Brazzaville.

Elevation

The average elevation range of The Republic of Congo is 430 m (1,411 ft). The highest point of The Republic of Congo is Mont Nabeba, with its official height being 1020 m (3,347 ft). The lowest point of The Republic of Congo is Atlantic Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Mont Nabeba) and lowest (Atlantic Ocean) points of The Republic of Congo is 1020 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of The Republic of Congo is 342,000 km² (approx. 132,046 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 31,017 km² (~11,976 mi²). The continental shelf of The Republic of Congo is approximately 7,982 km² (around 3,082 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of The Republic of Congo is approximately 373,017 km² (~144,022 mi²). The Republic of Congo is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

224,710 km² of The Republic of Congo's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 66% of all the land in the country. There are 4,952 km² of arable land in The Republic of Congo, and it comprises 1% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in The Republic of Congo are petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower.