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Geography of Russia

Russia is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 17,098,242 km² (approx. 6,601,638 mi²). Continental shelf of Russia is approximately 3,817,843 km² (around 1,474,071 mi²). Russia is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Russia has 14 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Azerbaijan, Belarus, People's Republic of China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, Ukraine. Russia is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Russia is 600 m (1,969 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Russia is 22408 kilometers (~8,652 miles). Russia has 15 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 14 different countries. Russia has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Russia has 14 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Azerbaijan, Belarus, People's Republic of China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, and Ukraine. The lengths of the land borders of Russia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Russia is Moscow. The largest city in Russia is Moscow.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Russia is 600 m (1,969 ft). The highest point of Russia is Mount Elbrus, with its official height being 5642 m (18,511 ft). The lowest point of Russia is Caspian Sea. It lies at -28 m (-92 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Elbrus) and lowest (Caspian Sea) points of Russia is 5670 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Russia is 17,098,242 km² (approx. 6,601,638 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 7,566,673 km² (~2,921,495 mi²). The continental shelf of Russia is approximately 3,817,843 km² (around 1,474,071 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Russia is approximately 24,664,915 km² (~9,523,133 mi²). Russia is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

8,149,300 km² of Russia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 48% of all the land in the country. There are 1,174,284 km² of arable land in Russia, and it comprises 7% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Russia are oil, natural gas, coal, strategic minerals, rare earth elements, timber.