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Demographics of Solomon Islands

The total population of Solomon Islands is 623,281 people. People in Solomon Islands speak the English language. The linguistic diversity of Solomon Islands is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Solomon Islands is 0.5254. The median age is approximately 21.6 years. Life expectancy in Solomon Islands is 69. The female fertility rate in Solomon Islands is 4.1. Around 30% of the population of Solomon Islands are obese. The ethnic diversity is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale which for Solomon Islands is 0.111. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Solomon Islands see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Solomon Islands, the population density is 18.2 people per square kilometer (47 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Solomon Islands is 623,281 people. Solomon Islands has approximately 2,585 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Solomon Islands represent 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Solomon Islands represent 1.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Solomon Islands is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Solomon Islands is 0.111. This means that the people living in Solomon Islands are coming from a narrow group of ethnicities, all of which are related to one another. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Solomon Islands on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 21.6 years. The median age for men is 21.4, while the median age for women is 21.8.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.04; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.02; sex ratio over 64 - 0.9; total sex ratio - 1.02. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Solomon Islands is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 97.4% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Solomon Islands are Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, folk religions, Judaism. The religious diversity of Solomon Islands is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Solomon Islands. The index of religious fractionalization in Solomon Islands is 0.6708. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within Solomon Islands.

General development

Solomon Islands is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Solomon Islands may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Solomon Islands, 7 in every 100 people use internet. Solomon Islands has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.491. Solomon Islands has a lower medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will struggle to attain a desirable life due to flawed economic and social systems. The migration rate in Solomon Islands is -1.75%.

Language

People in Solomon Islands speak the English language. The linguistic diversity of Solomon Islands is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Solomon Islands. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Solomon Islands is 0.5254. This means that there are several major languages spoken in Solomon Islands. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.