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Geography of Tonga

Tonga is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 747 km² (approx. 288 mi²). Continental shelf of Tonga is approximately 8,517 km² (around 3,288 mi²). Tonga is located in Oceania. Oceania is a region that comprises many of the islands found in the tropical Pacific Ocean. It is sometimes referred to as Oceanica. Countries in Oceania include, but are not limited to, New Zealand and The Solomon Islands. Tonga is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Tonga is 517 m (1,693 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Tonga is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). Tonga has no land borders, meaning that it also has no neighbouring countries in the traditional sense of the word.

Cities

The capital city of Tonga is Nukuʻalofa. The largest city in Tonga is Nukuʻalofa.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Tonga is 517 m (1,693 ft). The highest point of Tonga is an unnamed location, with its official height being 1033 m (3,389 ft). The lowest point of Tonga is Pacific Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (an unnamed location) and lowest (Pacific Ocean) points of Tonga is 1033 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Tonga is 747 km² (approx. 288 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 659,558 km² (~254,656 mi²). The continental shelf of Tonga is approximately 8,517 km² (around 3,288 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Tonga is approximately 660,305 km² (~254,944 mi²). Tonga is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

40 km² of Tonga's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 5% of all the land in the country. There are 144 km² of arable land in Tonga, and it comprises 19% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Tonga are fish, arable land.