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Geography of Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 5,128 km² (approx. 1,980 mi²). Continental shelf of Trinidad and Tobago is approximately 25,284 km² (around 9,762 mi²). Trinidad and Tobago is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. Trinidad and Tobago is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Trinidad and Tobago is 83 m (272 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Trinidad and Tobago is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). Trinidad and Tobago has no land borders, meaning that it also has no neighbouring countries in the traditional sense of the word.

Cities

The capital city of Trinidad and Tobago is Port of Spain. The largest cities in Trinidad and Tobago are Port of Spain, Chaguanas, San Fernando, San Juan.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Trinidad and Tobago is 83 m (272 ft). The highest point of Trinidad and Tobago is El Cerro del Aripo, with its official height being 940 m (3,084 ft). The lowest point of Trinidad and Tobago is Caribbean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (El Cerro del Aripo) and lowest (Caribbean Sea) points of Trinidad and Tobago is 940 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Trinidad and Tobago is 5,128 km² (approx. 1,980 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 74,199 km² (~28,648 mi²). The continental shelf of Trinidad and Tobago is approximately 25,284 km² (around 9,762 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Trinidad and Tobago is approximately 79,327 km² (~30,628 mi²). Trinidad and Tobago is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

2,260 km² of Trinidad and Tobago's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 44% of all the land in the country. There are 750 km² of arable land in Trinidad and Tobago, and it comprises 15% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Trinidad and Tobago are petroleum, natural gas, asphalt.