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Demographics of Turkey

The total population of Turkey is 81,916,871 people. People in Turkey speak the Turkish language. The linguistic diversity of Turkey is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Turkey is 0.2216. The median age is approximately 29.6 years. Life expectancy in Turkey is 75. The female fertility rate in Turkey is 2.2. Around 28.% of the population of Turkey are obese. The ethnic diversity is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Turkey is 0.32. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Turkey see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Turkey, the population density is 101 people per square kilometer (263 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of Turkey is 81,916,871 people. Turkey has approximately 2,964,916 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Turkey represent 0.8 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Turkey represent 2.5 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Turkey is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Turkey is 0.32. This means that a certain diversity is present in Turkey, although all people can still be divided into a relatively small number of major ethnic groups. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Turkey on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 29.6 years. The median age for men is 29.2, while the median age for women is 30.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.05; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.02; sex ratio over 64 - 0.84; total sex ratio - 1.02. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Turkey is Islam, the followers of which comprise 98% of all religious believers in the country. Islam (Arabic: الإسلام‎) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Quran, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, Arabic سنة, composed of accounts called hadith, Arabic حديث) of Muhammad, considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Besides Islam, there are some followers of Christianity in Turkey. The religious diversity of Turkey is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Turkey. The index of religious fractionalization in Turkey is 0.0049. This score means that there is only one major religion within Turkey: Islam. Some minor beliefs, however, can also be encountered.

General development

Turkey is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Turkey may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Turkey, 45.13 in every 100 people use internet. Turkey has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.759. Turkey has a high HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life while providing substantial aid and assistance to citizens with lower living standards. The migration rate in Turkey is 2.16%. In Turkey, 16.9% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Turkey is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.

Language

People in Turkey speak the Turkish language. The linguistic diversity of Turkey is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Turkey. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Turkey is 0.2216. This means that within the country there is one major language and several minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.