Geography of Uganda
Uganda is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 241,038 km² (approx. 93,065 mi²). Continental shelf of Uganda is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Uganda is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Uganda has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania. Uganda is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Uganda is 3,176 m (10,417 ft).
Total length of land borders of Uganda is 2729 kilometers (~1,054 miles). Uganda shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Uganda, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Uganda has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, and Tanzania. The lengths of the land borders of Uganda with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Democratic Republic of the Congo - 765 km (475 mi),
- Kenya - 933 km (580 mi),
- Rwanda - 169 km (105 mi),
- South Sudan - 435 km (270 mi),
- Tanzania - 396 km (246 mi).
The capital city of Uganda is Kampala. The largest city in Uganda is Kampala.
The average elevation range of Uganda is 3,176 m (10,417 ft). The highest point of Uganda is Margherita Peak, with its official height being 5109 m (16,763 ft). The lowest point of Uganda is Albert Nile. It lies at 621 m (2,038 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Margherita Peak) and lowest (Albert Nile) points of Uganda is 4488 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Uganda is 241,038 km² (approx. 93,065 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Uganda is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Uganda is approximately 241,038 km² (~93,065 mi²). Uganda is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
50,000 km² of Uganda's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 21% of all the land in the country. There are 43,077 km² of arable land in Uganda, and it comprises 18% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Uganda are copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, gold.