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Geography of Uruguay

Uruguay is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 176,215 km² (approx. 68,037 mi²). Continental shelf of Uruguay is approximately 75,327 km² (around 29,084 mi²). Uruguay is located in South America. The vast majority of South American citizens speak Spanish or Portuguese. South American countries include, but are not limited to, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Uruguay has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Argentina, Brazil. Uruguay is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Uruguay is 109 m (358 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Uruguay is 1591 kilometers (~614 miles). Uruguay shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Uruguay, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Uruguay has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Argentina, and Brazil. The lengths of the land borders of Uruguay with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Uruguay is Montevideo. The largest city in Uruguay is Montevideo.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Uruguay is 109 m (358 ft). The highest point of Uruguay is Cerro Catedral, with its official height being 514 m (1,686 ft). The lowest point of Uruguay is Atlantic Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Cerro Catedral) and lowest (Atlantic Ocean) points of Uruguay is 514 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Uruguay is 176,215 km² (approx. 68,037 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 142,166 km² (~54,890 mi²). The continental shelf of Uruguay is approximately 75,327 km² (around 29,084 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Uruguay is approximately 318,381 km² (~122,927 mi²). Uruguay is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

7,000 km² of Uruguay's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 4% of all the land in the country. There are 13,490 km² of arable land in Uruguay, and it comprises 8% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Uruguay are arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fish.