Geography of Yemen
Yemen is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 527,968 km² (approx. 203,849 mi²). Continental shelf of Yemen is approximately 59,229 km² (around 22,868 mi²). Yemen is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Yemen has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Oman, Saudi Arabia. Yemen is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Yemen is 999 m (3,278 ft).
Total length of land borders of Yemen is 1601 kilometers (~618 miles). Yemen shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Yemen, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Yemen has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Oman, and Saudi Arabia. The lengths of the land borders of Yemen with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Oman - 288 km (179 mi),
- Saudi Arabia - 1458 km (906 mi).
The capital city of Yemen is Sana'a. The largest city in Yemen is Sana'a.
The average elevation range of Yemen is 999 m (3,278 ft). The highest point of Yemen is Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb, with its official height being 3666 m (12,028 ft). The lowest point of Yemen is Arabian Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb) and lowest (Arabian Sea) points of Yemen is 3666 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Yemen is 527,968 km² (approx. 203,849 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 552,669 km² (~213,386 mi²). The continental shelf of Yemen is approximately 59,229 km² (around 22,868 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Yemen is approximately 1,080,637 km² (~417,234 mi²). Yemen is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
4,490 km² of Yemen's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 1% of all the land in the country. There are 15,364 km² of arable land in Yemen, and it comprises 3% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Yemen are petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper, fertile soil in west.