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Geography of Brunei Darussalam

Brunei Darussalam is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 5,765 km² (approx. 2,226 mi²). Continental shelf of Brunei Darussalam is approximately 8,509 km² (around 3,285 mi²). Brunei Darussalam is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Brunei Darussalam shares its borders with Malaysia. Brunei Darussalam is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Brunei Darussalam is 478 m (1,568 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Brunei Darussalam is 266 kilometers (~103 miles). Brunei Darussalam has 2 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 1 different countries. Brunei Darussalam has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. The length of said border is 381 km (237 mi).

Cities

The capital city of Brunei Darussalam is Bandar Seri Begawan. The largest city in Brunei Darussalam is Bandar Seri Begawan.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Brunei Darussalam is 478 m (1,568 ft). The highest point of Brunei Darussalam is Bukit Pagon, with its official height being 1850 m (6,070 ft). The lowest point of Brunei Darussalam is China Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Bukit Pagon) and lowest (China Sea) points of Brunei Darussalam is 1850 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Brunei Darussalam is 5,765 km² (approx. 2,226 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 10,090 km² (~3,896 mi²). The continental shelf of Brunei Darussalam is approximately 8,509 km² (around 3,285 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Brunei Darussalam is approximately 15,855 km² (~6,122 mi²). Brunei Darussalam is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

2,780 km² of Brunei Darussalam's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 48% of all the land in the country. There are 110 km² of arable land in Brunei Darussalam, and it comprises 2% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Brunei Darussalam are petroleum, natural gas, timber.