Geography of Costa Rica
Costa Rica is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 51,100 km² (approx. 19,730 mi²). Continental shelf of Costa Rica is approximately 19,585 km² (around 7,562 mi²). Costa Rica is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. Costa Rica has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Nicaragua, Panama. Costa Rica is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Costa Rica is 746 m (2,448 ft).
Total length of land borders of Costa Rica is 661 kilometers (~255 miles). Costa Rica shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Costa Rica, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Costa Rica has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Nicaragua, and Panama. The lengths of the land borders of Costa Rica with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Nicaragua - 309 km (192 mi),
- Panama - 330 km (205 mi).
The capital city of Costa Rica is San José. The largest city in Costa Rica is San José.
The average elevation range of Costa Rica is 746 m (2,448 ft). The highest point of Costa Rica is Cerro Chirripó, with its official height being 3820 m (12,533 ft). The lowest point of Costa Rica is Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Cerro Chirripó) and lowest (Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea) points of Costa Rica is 3820 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Costa Rica is 51,100 km² (approx. 19,730 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 574,725 km² (~221,902 mi²). The continental shelf of Costa Rica is approximately 19,585 km² (around 7,562 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Costa Rica is approximately 625,825 km² (~241,631 mi²). Costa Rica is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
20,440 km² of Costa Rica's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 40% of all the land in the country. There are 2,229 km² of arable land in Costa Rica, and it comprises 4% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
As for natural resources, Costa Rica is known for its hydropower.