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Geography of Cuba

Cuba is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 110,860 km² (approx. 42,803 mi²). Continental shelf of Cuba is approximately 61,525 km² (around 23,755 mi²). Cuba is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. Cuba is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Cuba is 108 m (354 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Cuba is 28.5 kilometers (~11 miles). Cuba has no land borders, meaning that it also has no neighbouring countries in the traditional sense of the word.

Cities

The capital city of Cuba is Havana. The largest city in Cuba is Havana.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Cuba is 108 m (354 ft). The highest point of Cuba is Pico Turquino, with its official height being 1974 m (6,477 ft). The lowest point of Cuba is Caribbean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Pico Turquino) and lowest (Caribbean Sea) points of Cuba is 1974 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Cuba is 110,860 km² (approx. 42,803 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 350,751 km² (~135,425 mi²). The continental shelf of Cuba is approximately 61,525 km² (around 23,755 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Cuba is approximately 461,611 km² (~178,228 mi²). Cuba is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

27,130 km² of Cuba's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 24% of all the land in the country. There are 30,631 km² of arable land in Cuba, and it comprises 28% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Cuba are cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land.