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Demographics of Papua New Guinea

The total population of Papua New Guinea is 8,418,346 people. People in Papua New Guinea speak the English, Tok Pisin, and Hiri Motu languages. The linguistic diversity of Papua New Guinea is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Papua New Guinea is 0.3526. The median age is approximately 22.4 years. Life expectancy in Papua New Guinea is 62. The female fertility rate in Papua New Guinea is 4.3. Around 16% of the population of Papua New Guinea are obese. The ethnic diversity is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Papua New Guinea is 0.2718. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Papua New Guinea see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Papua New Guinea, the population density is 16 people per square kilometer (42 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Papua New Guinea is 8,418,346 people. Papua New Guinea has approximately 25,782 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Papua New Guinea represent 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Papua New Guinea represent 0.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Papua New Guinea is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Papua New Guinea is 0.2718. This means that a certain diversity is present in Papua New Guinea, although all people can still be divided into a relatively small number of major ethnic groups. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Papua New Guinea on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 22.4 years. The median age for men is 22.6, while the median age for women is 22.2.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.03; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.06; sex ratio over 64 - 0.86; total sex ratio - 1.04. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Papua New Guinea is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 99.2% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Papua New Guinea are Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, folk religions, Judaism. The religious diversity of Papua New Guinea is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Papua New Guinea. The index of religious fractionalization in Papua New Guinea is 0.5523. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within Papua New Guinea.

General development

Papua New Guinea is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Papua New Guinea may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Papua New Guinea, 2.3 in every 100 people use internet. Papua New Guinea has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.491. Papua New Guinea has a lower medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will struggle to attain a desirable life due to flawed economic and social systems. In Papua New Guinea, 37% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Papua New Guinea is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.

Language

People in Papua New Guinea speak the English, Tok Pisin, and Hiri Motu languages. The linguistic diversity of Papua New Guinea is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Papua New Guinea. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Papua New Guinea is 0.3526. This means that there are a few major languages spoken in Papua New Guinea. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.