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Geography of Serbia

Serbia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 77,589 km² (approx. 29,957 mi²). Continental shelf of Serbia is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Serbia is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Serbia has 8 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania. Serbia is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Serbia is 442 m (1,450 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Serbia is 2322 kilometers (~897 miles). Serbia shares its land borders with 8 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Serbia, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Serbia has 8 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Romania. The lengths of the land borders of Serbia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Serbia is Belgrade. The largest city in Serbia is Belgrade.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Serbia is 442 m (1,450 ft). The highest point of Serbia is Midžor (Đeravica when Kosovo is considered as part of Serbia), with its official height being 2169 m (7,116 ft). The lowest point of Serbia is Iron Gate. It lies at 28 m (92 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Midžor (Đeravica when Kosovo is considered as part of Serbia)) and lowest (Iron Gate) points of Serbia is 2141 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Serbia is 77,589 km² (approx. 29,957 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Serbia is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Serbia is approximately 77,589 km² (~29,957 mi²). Serbia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

27,200 km² of Serbia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 35% of all the land in the country. There are 28,882 km² of arable land in Serbia, and it comprises 37% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Serbia are oil, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, chromite, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, arable land.