Demographics of Spain
The total population of Spain is 46,397,452 people. People in Spain speak the Spanish language. The linguistic diversity of Spain is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Spain is 0.4132. The median age is approximately 41.6 years. Life expectancy in Spain is 83. The female fertility rate in Spain is 1.3. Around 27% of the population of Spain are obese. The ethnic diversity is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Spain is 0.4165. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Spain see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.
In Spain, the population density is 93 people per square kilometer (242 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Spain is 46,397,452 people. Spain has approximately 4,464,997 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Spain represent 2.8 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Spain represent 13.8 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Spain is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Spain is 0.4165. This means that a certain diversity is present in Spain, although all people can still be divided into a relatively small number of major ethnic groups. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Spain on median age and gender distribution at various ages.
The median age is approximately 41.6 years. The median age for men is 40.4, while the median age for women is 42.9.
The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.07. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.06; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.01; sex ratio over 64 - 0.72; total sex ratio - 0.96. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.
The majority religion of Spain is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 78.6% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Spain are Islam, Hinduism. The religious diversity of Spain is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Spain. The index of religious fractionalization in Spain is 0.4514. This score means that within the country there is one major religion and several other minor beliefs.
Spain is considered to be a developed nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developed nation, Spain is able to provide its citizens with social services like public education, healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developed nations enjoy a high standard of living and longer life expectancies than citizens of developing nations. In Spain, 72 in every 100 people use internet. Spain has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.869. Spain has a very high HDI score. This indicates that nearly all citizens are able to attain a desirable life because of social and economic support; citizens with a low standard of living receive aid and support and have the opportunity to advance in society. The migration rate in Spain is 8.31%. In Spain, 21.1% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Spain is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.
People in Spain speak the Spanish language. The linguistic diversity of Spain is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Spain. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Spain is 0.4132. This means that there are a few major languages spoken in Spain. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.