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Demographics of Sri Lanka

The total population of Sri Lanka is 20,950,041 people. People in Sri Lanka speak the Sinhala, and Tamil languages. The linguistic diversity of Sri Lanka is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Sri Lanka is 0.4645. The median age is approximately 31.8 years. Life expectancy in Sri Lanka is 75. The female fertility rate in Sri Lanka is 2.3. Around 5% of the population of Sri Lanka are obese. The ethnic diversity is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Sri Lanka is 0.415. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Sri Lanka see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Sri Lanka, the population density is 309 people per square kilometer (804 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of Sri Lanka is 20,950,041 people. Sri Lanka has approximately 324,977 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Sri Lanka represent 0.2 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Sri Lanka represent 1.5 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Sri Lanka is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Sri Lanka is 0.415. This means that a certain diversity is present in Sri Lanka, although all people can still be divided into a relatively small number of major ethnic groups. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Sri Lanka on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 31.8 years. The median age for men is 30.6, while the median age for women is 32.9.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.04. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.04; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.96; sex ratio over 64 - 0.87; total sex ratio - 0.97. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Sri Lanka is Buddhism, the followers of which comprise 69.3% of all religious believers in the country. Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: धर्म dharma; Pali:धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha (the awakened one). According to Buddhist tradition, the Buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. He is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher who shared his insights to help sentient beings end their suffering through the elimination of ignorance and craving. Buddhists believe that this is accomplished through the direct understanding and perception of dependent origination and the Four Noble Truths. Besides Buddhism, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Sri Lanka are Christianity, folk religions. The religious diversity of Sri Lanka is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Sri Lanka. The index of religious fractionalization in Sri Lanka is 0.4853. This score means that within the country there is one major religion and several other minor beliefs.

General development

Sri Lanka is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Sri Lanka may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Sri Lanka, 18.29 in every 100 people use internet. Sri Lanka has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.75. Sri Lanka has a high HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life while providing substantial aid and assistance to citizens with lower living standards. The migration rate in Sri Lanka is -1.35%. In Sri Lanka, 8.9% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Sri Lanka is low, indicating that it has a stable economy. Investors should consider Sri Lanka to be a safe location for investments and other financial ventures.

Language

People in Sri Lanka speak the Sinhala, and Tamil languages. The linguistic diversity of Sri Lanka is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Sri Lanka. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Sri Lanka is 0.4645. This means that there are a few major languages spoken in Sri Lanka. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.